Endodontic treatment, colloquially – root canal, are usually “last chance” treatments, which allow the patient to avoid extraction and keep the patient’s own natural tooth in the oral cavity. Endodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with the treatment of pulp – strongly supplied with blood and innervated soft tissue filling the inside of the tooth chamber and roots. Under the influence of caries or trauma, the pulp may become inflamed, which, if untreated, turns into necrosis. During endodontic treatment, infected dead pulp is removed, the inside of the tooth is cleaned of microorganisms and carefully filled with sterile material to prevent the development of infection and further problems with the treated tooth.
The course of the root canals is often very complicated, and the treatment area reaches sizes measured in millimeters, therefore obtaining good visibility in endodontic treatment is extremely important. The use of a microscope greatly facilitates the procedure, allowing the dentist to see even the smallest anatomical details of the tooth, thus enabling precise work and increasing the effectiveness of treatment.